AZERBAIJAN NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
ACOUSTIC NOISE POLLUTION: PROBLEMS AND SOLUTIONS
Rashid G. Alekberov, Bikes S. Agayev

The article explores the problems of acoustic noise pollution and the ways to solve them. The relevance of solutions to these problems is justified on the basis of the UN "Concept of Sustainable Development" which is devoted to the problems of the future development of the world, as well as environmental issues. The article focuses on the analysis of the potential danger of noise pollution to human health and the environment. A noise classification scheme based on a safety factor is proposed. A brief summary of such concepts as the physical nature of noise, the potential danger (harm) of noise to human health, the normalization of noise indicators and their norms is given. A comparative analysis of the main provisions of the international, regional and national regulations governing the relations connected with the noise. The article also considers the technique for measuring and calculating the noise parameters, noise monitoring, the method for developing the noise maps based on monitoring results. The relevance and necessity of forming the legislative base of the Republic of Azerbaijan on the management of relations on the acoustic noise is substantiated. Brief information is given on the primary results of the monitoring carried out at some sites in Baku. The feasibility of these monitoring using the architectural schemes based on the technology of the Internet of Things is also justified. The article uses scientific methods and methodology of scientific analysis, summarizing results (synthesis) and a systematic approach to the problems and their solution ways on the subject. The research results can be used for the monitoring of the acoustic noise pollution to determine the acoustic discomfort areas, as well as the development of noise maps of the area based on the monitoring results and the implementation of protective measures to reduce noise pollution (pp.26-37).

Keywords:noise pollution, noise diseases, noise protection, noise monitoring, noise maps.
DOI : 10.25045/jpis.v11.i1.02
References
  • World Health Organization, “Night noise guidelines for Europe”, 2017, http://www.euro.who.int2017
  • International Labour Office, “Protection of workers against noise and vibration”, ILO Code of Practice, 2017, http://www.ilo.org
  • NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health),USA. Occupational Noise Exposure – Criteria for a Recommended Standard, 2014, https://www.cdc.gov
  • Попова А.Ю. О состоянии условий труда и профессиональной заболеваемости в РФ. Медицина труда и экология человека, 2015, №3, с.7-13.
  • Концепция снижения уровней шума и вибрации в городе Москве: Приложение 1 Постановление правительства Москвы от 16 октября 2007 г., № 896-ПП, http://www.gosthelp.ru/text/Postanovlenie896PPOKoncep.html
  • ГОСТ 12.1.003-83. Шум. Общие требования безопасности, 1983.
  • ГОСТ Р 53187-2008. Акустика. Шумовой мониторинг городских территорий, 2008.
  • СНиП 23-03-2003. Зашита от шума, 2003.
  • Суворов Г.А., Шкаринов Л.Н., Денисов Э.И. Гигиеническое нормирование производственных шумов и вибраций. Москва: Медицина, 1014, 240 с., https://ntm.ru/UserFiles/File/document/SHUM/NORM/SN2_2_42_1_8_562_96.pdf
  • Jonsson. Noise as a possible risk factor for raised blood pressure in man // Journal of Sound and Vibration, 1978, vol. 59, pp 109-121.
  • Зинкин В.Н. Cовременные аспекты контроля и мониторинга инфразвука как вредного производственного фактора на транспорте и промышленных объектах // Актуальные проблемы траспортной медицины 2014, № 4, т.2 (38), с. 10-25.
  • ISO 1999: 2013. Acoustics. Estimation of noise-induced hearing loss.
  • Directive 2002/49/EP/EC. Of the European parliament and of the council of 25 june 2002.“Relating to the assessment and management of environmental noise”, https://www.eur-lex.europa.eu/
  • Directive 2003/10/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council. On the minimum health and safety requirements regarding the exposure of workers to the risks arising from physical agents (noise), https://acm.eionet.europa.eu/reports/docs/ETCACM_TP_2016_13_NoiseInEurope2017.pdf
  • ISO 1999:1990. Acoustics -- Determination of occupational noise exposure and estimation of noise-induced hearing impairment.
  • World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. Night noise guidelines for Europe, Copenhagen, 2014, http://www.euro.who.int
  • Council Directive 89/629/EEC. On the limitation of noise emission from civil subsonic jet aeroplanes (OJ 1989 L 363, p. 27), https://www.dial.uclouvain.be/pr/boreal/object/boreal:158107/datastream/PDF_01/view
  • СН2.2.4/2.1.8.562-96. Шум на рабочих местах, в помещениях жилых, общественных зданий и на территории жилой застройки, 1996.
  • ГОСТ 23941-2002. Шум машин. Методы определения шумовых характеристик. Общие требования, 2002.
  • ГОСТ 31296.1-2005. Шум. Описание, измерение и оценка шума на местности. Часть 1. Основные величины и процедуры оценки, 2005.
  • ГОСТ 17187-2010. Шумомеры. Часть 1. Технические требования, 2010.
  • ГОСТ 12090-80. Частоты для акустических измерений, 1980.
  • Кошурников Д.Н., Максимова Е.В. Обзор зарубежной и отечественной практики шумового картирования (Noise Mapping) в условиях плотной городской застройки Вестник Пермского национального исследовательского политехнического университета, 2018, №3, c. 27-43.
  • “New York City, Noise map,” 02/01/2014, http://www.nycopendata.socrata.com
  • ISO 1996-1:2003. Acoustics – Description, measurement and assessment of environmental noise - Part 1: Basic quantities and assessment procedures (MOD).
  • ISO 1996-2:2007. Acoustics – Description, measurement and assessment of environmental noise. Part 2: Determination of environmental noise levels (MOD).
  • Rychtarikova, G. Vermeir. Soundscape categorization on the basis of objective acoustical parameters // Applied Acoustics, 2013, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 240–247/