№2, 2023

Ernst Kussul, Tetyana Baydyk, Airam Curtidor, Graciela Velasco Herrera

Global climate change, which has upset the ecological balance, and the rate of population growth, causing an increase in the demand for electricity in the world, are accelerating the gradual transition of states to green energy. Energy generation and energy storage are two important elements in green energy systems. We select parabolic solar concentrators as instrument for energy generation and develop flat facet solar concentrators that approximate a parabolic shape surface. Not only the structure of solar concentrators is proposed, but also the structure of thermal energy storage is described and presented. Using our solar concentrators, small-scale thermal energy storage (TES), it is possible to make power plants for green buildings. Small solar power plants and the air dehumidification system based on solar concentrators have great practical potential, can provide all the energy needs of smart residential buildings in countries with a hot climate, regulate air humidity, improve agricultural productivity in mountainous areas, etc. We describe a small-scale TES and the heater based on a solar concentrator. Water can be used to transfer heat energy. Another variant of TES is based on grave. We describe not only the structure of the system with parabolic solar concentrator and TES but calculate their parameters (pp.15-23).

Keywords:Green building, Solar energy, Flat facet solar concentrator, Thermal energy storage (tes), Heater

Alhuyi Nazari, M., Maleki, A., Assad, M. E. H., Rosen, M. A., Haghighi, A., Sharabaty, H., et al. (2021). A Review of Nanomaterial Incorporated Phase Change Materials for Solar thermal Energy Storage. Solar Energy 228, 1–19. doi:10.1016/J.SOLENER.2021.08.051

Alvi, J.Z., Feng, Y., Wang, Q., Imran, M., and Pei, G. (2021). Effect of Working Fluids on the Performance of Phase Change Material Storage Based Direct Vapor Generation Solar Organic Rankine Cycle System. Energ. Rep. 7, 348–361. doi:10.1016/J.EGYR.2020.12.040

Ananthachar V., Duffy J.J. (2005). Efficiencies of hydrogen storage systems onboard fuel cell vwhicles, Solar Energy, 78(5), 687-694.

Arun Kumar and S. K. Shukla. A Review on Thermal Energy Storage Unit for Solar Thermal Power Plant Application, Energy Procedia 74 (2015), 462 – 469, International Conference on Technologies and Materials for Renewable Energy, Environment and Sustainability, TMREES15.

Baydyk T., Kussul E., and Bruce N. (2014). Solar chillers for air conditioning systems, Renewable Energies & Power Quality Journal (RE&PQJ), 1, 12, 219-222.

Baydyk T., Kussul E., Wunsch D. (2019). Intelligent Automation in Renewable Energy, Springer, pp.300.

Baydyk T, Mammadova M.H., Kussul E., Velasco Herrera G., Curtidor A. (2022). Assessment of the impact of the combination of crops with solar concentrators on their productivity, Problems of Information Society, 13(1), 11-18. DOI: 10.25045/JPIS.v13.i1.02

Energy Storage Association (ESA), USA, https://energystorage.org/

Erdiwansyah, Mahidin, Husin, H. et al. (2021). A critical review of the integration of renewable energy sources with various technologies. Prot Control Mod Power Syst 6, 3. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41601-021-00181-3

Gemma Oliver Gil, Jahedul Islam Chowdhury, Nazmiye Balta-Ozkan, Yukun Hu, Liz Varga, Phil Hart (2021) Optimising renewable energy integration in new housing developments with low carbon technologies, Renewable Energy, 169,.527-540.

Goldschmidt J.C., Wilfried G.J.H.M van Sark (2022). Luminescent Solar Concentrator, in Comprehensive Renewable Energy (Second Edition), 1, 561-581.

Hamed A.M. (2003). Desorption characteristics of desiccant bed for solar dehumidification/humidification air conditioning systems, Renewable Energy, 28(13), 2099–2111.

Heard, P., Brook, B.W., Wigley T.M.L., Bradshaw, C.J.A. (2017). Burden of proof: A comprehensive review of the feasibility of 100% renewable-electricity systems, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 76, 1122-1133.

Johnna, Crider, Clean Technika, Solarflux FOCUS Parabolic Dish Concentrator Converts 72% Of Solar Energy Into Usable Heat, https://cleantechnica.com/2021/08/05/solarflux-focus-parabolic-dish-concentrator-converts-72-of-solar-energy-into-usable-heat/

Kosuke Harada, Kuniaki Yabe, Hirofumi Takami, Akira Goto, Yasushi Sato, Yasuhiro Hayashi (2023).
Two-step approach for quasi-optimization of energy storage and transportation at renewable energy site, Renewable Energy, 211, 846-858.

Kousksou T., Bruel P., Jamil A., El Rhafiki T., Zeraouli Y. (2014). Energy storage: Applications and challenges, Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, 120, 59–80.

Kussul, E., Baidyk, T., Makeyev, O., et al. (2007). Development of Micro Mirror Solar Concentrator, The 2-nd IASME/WSEAS International Conference on Energy and Environment (EE’07), Portoroz (Portotose), Slovenia, May 15-17, 294-299.

Kussul E., Makeyev O., Baidyk T., et al. (2011). The Problem of Automation of Solar Concentrator Assembly and Adjustment, International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems, 8(4), 150-157.

Kussul E., Baydyk T., Mammadova M., Rodriguez J.L. (2022). Solar concentrator applications in agriculture, Chapter 5 in the book “Energy Facilities: management and design and technological innovations”, PC Technology Center, 177-207.

Kussul E., Baydyk T., Mammadova M., Rodriguez J.L., (2022) Development of a model of combination of solar concentrators and agricultural fields, Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 6, 8(120), 16-25.

Mammadova M., Baydyk T., Kussul E. (2022). Solar concentrators in combination with agricultural fields: Azerbaijan and Mexico, 10. Eur. Conf. Ren. Energy Sys., Istanbul, Turkey, 342-348.

Mennel, J.A., Chidambaram, D. (2022). A review on the development of electrolytes for lithium-based batteries for low temperature applications. Front. Energy 17, 43–71. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11708-022-0853-5

McDevitt D. (2005). Hydrogen Storage System Choices for the New FCV, Recommendation Report, 1-13.

Pranesh V., Velraj R. & Kumaresan V. (2023). Experimental investigations on a sensible heat thermal energy storage system towards the design of cascaded latent heat storage system, International Journal of Green Energy, 20:1, 63-76, DOI: 10.1080/15435075.2021.2023879

Salem M, Fahim Alavi M, Mahariq I, Accouche O and El Haj Assad M (2021). Applications of Thermal Energy Storage in Solar Organic Rankine Cycles: A Comprehensive Review. Front. Energy Res. 9:766292. doi: 10.3389/fenrg.2021.766292

Sarat Kumar Sahoo (2016). Solar photovoltaic energy progress in India: A review, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews59, 927-939.

Sebestyén Viktor (2021). Environmental impact networks of renewable energy power plants, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 151, 1116-1126.

Solar Energy Dehumidification Experiment on the Citicorp Center Building, Final Report Prepared for NSF, Energy Laboratory, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Report MIT-EL 77-005, 176.

Tiwari, G.N., Tiwari, A., Shyam (2016). Solar Concentrator. In: Handbook of Solar Energy. Energy Systems in Electrical Engineering. Springer, 247-291.

Wind Energy Basics, Wind Energy Technologies Office, https://www.energy.gov/eere/wind/wind-energy-basics

Wind Energy, Iberdrola, https://www.iberdrola.com/sustainability/renewables-energy-wind-power

Wood, D., (2002) Matrix solar dish, US Patent N°6485152, 2002.

Yu, H., Helland, H., Yu, X., Gundersen, T., and Sin, G. (2021). Optimal Design and Operation of an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) System Driven by Solar Energy with Sensible thermal Energy Storage. Energ. Convers. Manage. 244, 114494. doi:10.1016/J.ENCONMAN.2021.114494