№2, 2021

Farhad F. Yusifov, Aysan C. Farajova

The paper studies and summarizes the international experience in the field of personal data protection in e-governance. The data security experience of various countries in e- governance was studied, including the concept of “Data Embassy” adopted by the Estonian government. The “Data Embassy” concept allows the government to keep local data centers operational  in the periods of a natural disaster, large-scale cyberattack or other crisis. However, while “Data Embassies” guarantee higher accessibility, some data or services cannot currently be hosted in a personal (private) cloud due to issues such as data protection, confidentiality and integrity. The paper investigates the current situation in the field of personal data protection and the process of transition to the government cloud in Azerbaijan. The Government cloud concept creates the basis for sustainable, flexible, safe, and efficient operation of information systems owned by government agencies in a single data center infrastructure that satisfies international standards.  One of the important components of the transition to the Government cloud is to ensure information security. The paper represents the patterns to protect the architecture of the National data center against physical and cyber threats. Though there exist different approaches in the international practice to data transfer and security in the cloud, the digital continuity initiative requires public services to be accessible, be used in real-time or in any situation, and update. The transition to the government cloud will provide effective e-government mechanisms, promoting security solutions to ensure data exchange security and personal data protection, develop the quality of e-services, and increase citizen satisfaction (pp.119-130).

Keywords:e-governance, government cloud, personal data protection, “Data embassy”.
  • Worldwide and Regional Public Cloud ICT Services 2014-2018 Forecast, https://www.idc.com/getdoc.jsp?containerId=prUS25219014  
  • Purtova N. The law of everything. Broad concept of personal data and future of EU data protection law, 2018, https://doi.org/10.1080/17579961.2018.1452176
  • Imamverdiyev Y.N. E-Sahiyyada Informasiya Tahlükasizliyinin Aktual Problemlari // Informasiya jamiyyati problemlari, 2017, №1, sah. 24–34.
  • Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council, Data protection rules as a trust-enabler in the EU and beyond – taking stock, https://www.eur-lex.europa.eu
  • Lehavi A., Larouche P., Accetto M., Purtova N., Zemer L. The Human Right to Privacy and Personal Data Protection: Local-to-Global Governance in the Digital Era, 2016, https://www.lawschoolsgloballeague.com
  • Data Protectıon Laws of The World, 2017, https://www.thebackgroundinvestigator.com
  • Cobb S. Data privacy and data protection: US law and legislation, April 2016, pp. 3-1
  • Personal Data Regulation in Russia: Roskomnadzor Update. 2019.
  • World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends, https://www.worldbank.org
  • Data embassy, https://www.e-estonia.com
  • Personal Data Protection Act, https://www.riigiteataja.ee
  • Digital Government Factsheet 2019, Estonia? https://www.joinup.ec.europa.eu
  • Rijgikogu prinyal zakon o sozdanii posol`stva danny`kh v Lyuksemburge, 2018, http://www.rus.err.ee
  • Yuliya Talmazan, “Data Security Meets Diplomacy: Why Estonia Is Storing Its Data in Luxembourg,” NBCNews.com (NBCUniversal News Group, June 25, 2019), https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/data-security-meets-diplomacy-why-estonia-storing-its-data-luxembourg-n1018171
  • Data Embassy – e-Estonia, e-Estonia (Government of Estonia, 2019), https://www.e-estonia.com/solutions/e-governance/data-embassy/
  • Sierzputowski B., The Data Embassy Under Public InternationalLaw // International and Comparative Law Quarterly 68, 2019, no 1, pp. 225-242, https://doi.org/10.1017/s0020589318000428
  • Security and Safety – e-Estonia, e-Estonia (Government of Estonia, 2019), https://www/e-estonia.com/solutions/security-and-safety/
  • Governance – e-Estonia, e-Estonia (Government of Estonia, 2019), https://www.e-estonia.com/solutions/e-governance/
  • Implementation of the Virtual Data Embassy Solution, https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/cybersecurity/content-hub/implementation-of-the-virtual-data-embassy-solution
  • “Fardi malumatlar haggında” Azarbayjan Respublikasının Ganunu, 11 may 2010-ju il, https://www.e-qanun.az
  • “Hokumat buludu”nun (G-jloud) yaradılması va “bulud” khidmatlarinin gostarilmasi sahasinda tadbirlar haggında Azarbayjan Respublikası Prezidentinin Farmanı, Bakı shahari, 3 iyun 2019-ju il, http://www.e-ganun.az/framework/42560
  • “Dovlat informasiya sistemlarinin va ehtiyatlarının “Hokumat buludu”na Kechid Planı”nın tasdig edilmasi va “Hokumat buludu” ila baghlı bazi tadbirlar haggında Azarbayjan Respublikası Nazirlar Kabinetinin Gararı, Bakı shahari, 29 oktyabr 2020-ji il, http://www.e-qanun.az/framework/46243